Who likes cyclical economies?

Compost Project:

Original considerations:

reducing landfill waste.

redirecting municipal food waste into a renewable resource instead of potentially being an environmental hazard.

Main focus: reducing municipal plant waste.

Waste collection:

target: commercial food establishments

paid service: daily plant waste collection

labor: 1 or 2 driver/manual labor

Equipment: Pick up truck, 6x10 bin framed trailer, shovels, heavy gloves

utilities: bulk material pick up and transport

Compost production

target: commercial farms

product: bulk compost

Plant waste collection and bulk compost production.

Problem: Poor waste practices

Landfilling at unsustainable rates

Environmentally unhealthy

increasing waste expenses stressing local infrastructure.

Plant waste collection:

Target market: commercial food establishments and distributors

Service: plant waste collection

Benefit: lower costs in waste from less frequent trash collection

Marketing: Free month service to prove expense savings, daily pick up for convenience.

Operation of service:

Bins outside for pick up

Truck and trailer crew to collect waste in an area Consolidate waste in one location for bulk pick up

Each location set up as collection route for bulk trash services, one route for collection and drop off at compost processing.

Why plant only?

Client convenience, especially in the fast paced food industry, unnecessary complication in sorting waste will result in higher risk of compost contamination.

Expansion beyond plant material must keep in mind the convenience for our clients and their sorting.

Why daily pick up?

Critical for client satisfaction.

Reduces risk of collection bin odor to cause concern.

Overfilled bins can be addressed promptly with additional bins to reduce risk of trashed material.

Compost production:

Target market: commercial agriculture

Product: bulk compost

Benefit: fully natural product to help restore microbe growth in soil, competitive pricing, Marketing: negotiate deals with plant waste contribution.

Operation of production:

Work with Waste Management to collect bulk landscape yard waste for brown curing.

Work with local Hotshots to reduce slash piles for prescribed burns to collect for brown compost material.

Simplified Composting equipment: The plow. Instead of machinery that slowly turns compost piles, the plow can turn compost better than any currently utilized specialized equipment.

Fireplace ash collection as possible pH amendment for biochar.

A layer of brown compost material is laid over drop off location.

Green waste from commercial pick up is dumped and spread out as second layer.

Water.

Plow into windrow.

Compost maintenance:

Day 0: receiving and processing to windrow.

Day 1: rest

Day 2: check humidity of windrow, water or add brown material accordingly.

Day 3: Turn windrow by plowing length of compost for aeration.

continue to water on regular schedule, turn when heat reaches conditions

Compost Production

Biochar production: run off from compost operations will be collected and used for biochar activation.

Truck, one man (or two)

consolidating businesses’ compost of an area to a single bin at an area staging site" to be collected by a dump truck, route pick up including neighborhood residential drop off bins and all area staging sites. A two man truck is best suited to quickly collect single business waste and consolidate, making city wide daily collection possible.

Daily processing begins after dropping off green material from daily pick up on prepared layer of brown material, load out the green compost evenly across the brown layer and discarding any contaminants. Alternatively, brown can be added on top, then watered

Trucks will plow the ready compost pile into the curing fields.

On weekends the fields will be watered, and raked with tractors. Data will be collected, weekly reports of temperatures taken at each section of compost field.

Sections sustaining a minimum of 130 degrees for 3 consecutive days is a requirement for curing, and marked ready after dropping back down to ambient temperature.

Once these conditions have occurred, cured biochar can be added as a layer on top ready sections to be mixed into the compost during raking.

Biochar requires curing before introduced into compost to activate absorbency and ph neutralization. After the char is produced, it will need to be soaked in a compost tea to neutralize the pH, and activate the carbon for better integration. The compost fields will be equipped with a drainage system that collects compost run off to cure the biochar before introducing it into the compost fields.

Biochar can be produced through gasification of biomass. At 1000 degrees Celsius, gas will “crack” which allows the gas to be produced, build up of tar will occur during gasification as “uncracked” gas accumulates. Gas collected through charring can be used as fuel for supplemental forge burners in future gasification operations to increase efficiency in gas production. More research may be required to market biogas as a commodity. A filter process will cool the gas, collect any uncracked gas, and compressed into pressurized tanks for storage.

After gas production the resulting biochar needs to cure in a compost concentration to become absorbent, beneficial and pH friendly for agricultural use. A drain line running down the length of compost fields will collect compost run off over the course of production. The run off will serve as a compost tea to soak biochar and prepare for integration into ready cured compost.

By offering biochar to our consumers , we add a premium commodity to our product line both as an amendment additive and integrating to stock product to upgrade compost quality,

Biochar production is contingent on how much brown feedstock the company will be able to accumulate, ensuring first enough feedstock for the year and any potential increased volume of green compost feed. It is possible to produce biochar using a gasification process, collecting the resulting gas, filtering it, and compressing into tanks. The gas can be used later as fuel for biogas production, or as already being practiced, work vehicles. Theoretically, wood gas production from biochar production would be enough to consider converting all company engines to run on biogas created from biochar, if there was an opportunity to do so.

We need a new plastic sorting method.

Currently we are bottlenecked with plastic sorting, sifting recycled materials through at least 5 machines to extract ferrous metals, non ferrous metals, cardboard, glass, each one running.at the speed of a slow paced conveyor belt, absolutely abysmal for effective plastic sorting for recovery.

Here’s an example of how to speed up the process:

All recycled materials dropped off in receiving area.

A sweep crew, with brooms, sweep back the plastics, collecting them and sorting them by clear, primary, and secondary colors to be sorted accordingly.

Another crew will be in charge of separating the cardboard and paper material, running magnets to pull any ferrous material, and general convenient sorting to reduce the remaining pile for further mechanical sorting.

Key considerations:

Collecting plastic from the general recycle pile with manual labor circumvents the need of any mechanical sorting; the task of cycling all your material through machine after machine of slow tedious sorting at conveyor belt speeds is an obvious error of judgement in terms of efficiency and effectiveness.

Pull the plastic from the refuse, don’t pretend like recycling is suppose to be some pristine crop of ready recycled material. It is amazing we have to sort the same plastic a dozen times before it’s just plastic, and then we can scan them and sort them into same plastics.

With a crew of 6-10, the speed at which you can pull plastic out of recyclable refuse, if just dumped in an open area and started pulling things out with long poled brooms, rakes, or poles with steel wire tines, pulling plastic material as fast as possible while two people are behind them sorting by color into bins with snow shovels to be carted off and sorted in the stage 2 plastic facility, while one person starts pulling cardboard, and the left over can be mechanically separated and sorted as you would in the beginning processes of conventional recycling.

Plastics especially, no longer get bottlenecked by time consuming machines, but as you’ll see in stage 2, there are more ways we can streamline the process and rid of some other bottlenecks we have in plastic recycling.

Let’s start with near-infrared scanning, why on Earth are we sorting plastic shards? Can we not instead scan them as whole plastics, scaling the sorting machine to work exactly the same way identifying plastics when they’re whole, saving a ridiculous amount of computing on individual shards of plastic.

Scaling, while seemingly arbitrary, will demand more computing processing, something that is limited due to the sheer number of different parameters of each plastic (presence of certain dyes for example affect the way the scanner reads the plastic, so new parameters must be set for every plastic that doesn’t meet normal criteria),

and this is where color sorting comes in.

If we broke up the sorting into 7 smaller datasets, each dataset belonging to either a clear, primary or secondary color, instead of one huge dataset of parameters the computer has to strain to compare, then I believe it is possible to extend that near-infrared scanner to a 10 ft wide conveyor belt.

With plastics already sorted by color, the only thing crews need to do is evenly spread out the plastics so the scanner can distinguish one from the other.

The compressed air jets you see on conventional sorting machines would still be present, but the air stream would be bigger, shooting anywhere from 2 to 10 psi with greater volume, lighter plastics programmed to be chucked into the farthest bin, and the heavy plastics under the conveyor for better air management.

We now have two choices:

If expedience is a priority, then we can take our sorted plastic (whole pieces) and bale them into blocks for storage. Because these baled blocks are presorted plastic, all that needs to be done is shredding and cleaning, a much more ideal commodity for distribution.

A real life minecraft block if I can be allowed to make the comparison, to be broken down later into useable raw materials.

Alternatively we can proceed to shred, clean, and distribute our sorted plastic, but it should be noted that the rate at which plastics can be process will be considerable, which may take the market time to catch up with the sudden change in supply and availability.

Whichever we choose, it will not affect the streamline of recycled material processing, it may be prudent to bale immediately, have them stored before taking to cleaning and shredding, to prevent any disruption in the recycling process.

Clear plastics have unique challenges, particularly bottle caps, or cap rings stuck on clear plastic bottles.

In the case of clear plastic, it may be more prudent to shred first and sort later. However it should be noted that separating PET with any other plastics is a much easier task, and even if that weren’t the case, so far we’ve eliminated the need of all “foreign object sorting that’s not plastic” completely out of the equation;

the plastic in question being shredded then sorted are clear plastics only, reducing considerably the efforts required to recycle plastic.

The goal is a solid foundation for recovering materials and potential recycled production and manufacturing.

What that means is we need to be able to keep our recoverable or potentially recoverable waste organized so we may have access to it in the future if or when we need it.

Collecting and seperating different types of steel may prove to be a challenge, the goal for metal collecting are valuable materials that will be critical for alloy refabrication. We must first collect our metals we wish to alloy, bulk collection of staple material such as steel or aluminum are more broader in scale, however the result is the ability to take recycled aluminum cans and create high quality alloys like aircraft aluminum or structure steel.

Heliogen is a company that has created a patented solar mirror technology, allowing consistent heat of up to 1000°C, and their application of clean free thermal generation is of particular interest.
With just the power of the sun, we can create solar crucibles to alloy industrial grade metal for increased value and economic opportunity.

Steel is not the only alloy worth considering (or maybe it’s not) however, nor is it the easiest to produce.
Aluminum works much the same way on a lower temperature of around 600°C, meaning faster smelting, and simple materials like cobalt, copper, and zinc can turn recycled aluminum cans into aircraft aluminum alloys.
From here we can create a manufacturing process to take our alloy and extrude it to desired configurations.

Cleveland, this idea in particular was crafted with you in mind.

You were inspiring the rest of America not too long ago, with innovations like converting abandoned buildings into vertical farming.

My original idea was to find a way to procure enough compost to make compost tea, and use that as my nutrient source for indoor vertical farming.

The idea of vertical farming has it’s difficulties, but simple measures such as completely protecting your grow rooms with vapor barriers, and other property considerations have been long thought out by marijuana cultivation, when we were accidentally destroying homes with mold damage.

We’ve had to develop techniques under the watchful eyes of the Drug War, but now industry has brought us a long way from growing weed in the basement.

But ensuring an asset’s safety pales in comparison to the security of indoor grown vegetables, and being able to continue that production from the compost generated from your own municipality is a measure of survival during an age of supply shortage!

Hydroponic farming, clean, efficient, and with controlled environments like adequate light and ambient temperatures, you are sure for quality produce over competitors guaranteed!

Landscape yardwaste can be cured to provide a reliable carbon content, necessary to mix with your commerical waste nitrogen source for microbes to thrive and convert your waste into compost.

Effective means of production utilizing plows and practical macro production considerations is a trait I consider learned from cities of manufacturing and production like Cleveland, or Detroit. Where I attribute the heart of the Union spirit to come from.

Americans working so hard that they feel it in their bones… we deserve to be paid more.
And our bosses don’t need to treat us like trash.
I’m the last generation to know that it shouldn’t be like that.

We’re supposed to be treated like human beings at least, but the goal is citizen with rights respected by their government.

We’re late, for a very important date!
Climate Apocalypse!
Tick tick people!
How many prepubescent activists does God have to send to get the message across?!
We don’t have time for this!