reducing landfill waste.
redirecting municipal food waste into a renewable resource instead of potentially being an environmental hazard.
Main focus: reducing municipal plant waste.
target: commercial food establishments
paid service: daily plant waste collection
labor: 1 or 2 driver/manual labor
Equipment: Pick up truck, 6x10 bin framed trailer, shovels, heavy gloves
utilities: bulk material pick up and transport
target: commercial farms
product: bulk compost
Plant waste collection and bulk compost production.
Problem: Poor waste practices
Landfilling at unsustainable rates
increasing waste expenses stressing local infrastructure.
Plant waste collection:
Target market: commercial food establishments and distributors
Service: plant waste collection
Benefit: lower costs in waste from less frequent trash collection
Marketing: Free month service to prove expense savings, daily pick up for convenience.
Operation of service:
Bins outside for pick up
Truck and trailer crew to collect waste in an area Consolidate waste in one location for bulk pick up
Each location set up as collection route for bulk trash services, one route for collection and drop off at compost processing.
Why plant only?
Client convenience, especially in the fast paced food industry, unnecessary complication in sorting waste will result in higher risk of compost contamination.
Expansion beyond plant material must keep in mind the convenience for our clients and their sorting.
Why daily pick up?
Critical for client satisfaction.
Reduces risk of collection bin odor to cause concern.
Overfilled bins can be addressed promptly with additional bins to reduce risk of trashed material.
Target market: commercial agriculture
Product: bulk compost
Benefit: fully natural product to help restore microbe growth in soil, competitive pricing, Marketing: negotiate deals with plant waste contribution.
Operation of production:
Work with Waste Management to collect bulk landscape yard waste for brown curing.
Work with local Hotshots to reduce slash piles for prescribed burns to collect for brown compost material.
Simplified Composting equipment: The plow. Instead of machinery that slowly turns compost piles, the plow can turn compost better than any currently utilized specialized equipment.
Fireplace ash collection as possible pH amendment for biochar.
A layer of brown compost material is laid over drop off location.
Green waste from commercial pick up is dumped and spread out as second layer.
Plow into windrow.
Day 0: receiving and processing to windrow.
Day 1: rest
Day 2: check humidity of windrow, water or add brown material accordingly.
Day 3: Turn windrow by plowing length of compost for aeration.
continue to water on regular schedule, turn when heat reaches conditions
Biochar production: run off from compost operations will be collected and used for biochar activation.
Truck, one man (or two)
consolidating businesses’ compost of an area to a single bin at an area staging site" to be collected by a dump truck, route pick up including neighborhood residential drop off bins and all area staging sites. A two man truck is best suited to quickly collect single business waste and consolidate, making city wide daily collection possible.
Daily processing begins after dropping off green material from daily pick up on prepared layer of brown material, load out the green compost evenly across the brown layer and discarding any contaminants. Alternatively, brown can be added on top, then watered
Trucks will plow the ready compost pile into the curing fields.
On weekends the fields will be watered, and raked with tractors. Data will be collected, weekly reports of temperatures taken at each section of compost field.
Sections sustaining a minimum of 130 degrees for 3 consecutive days is a requirement for curing, and marked ready after dropping back down to ambient temperature.
Once these conditions have occurred, cured biochar can be added as a layer on top ready sections to be mixed into the compost during raking.
Biochar requires curing before introduced into compost to activate absorbency and ph neutralization. After the char is produced, it will need to be soaked in a compost tea to neutralize the pH, and activate the carbon for better integration. The compost fields will be equipped with a drainage system that collects compost run off to cure the biochar before introducing it into the compost fields.
Biochar can be produced through gasification of biomass. At 1000 degrees Celsius, gas will “crack” which allows the gas to be produced, build up of tar will occur during gasification as “uncracked” gas accumulates. Gas collected through charring can be used as fuel for supplemental forge burners in future gasification operations to increase efficiency in gas production. More research may be required to market biogas as a commodity. A filter process will cool the gas, collect any uncracked gas, and compressed into pressurized tanks for storage.
After gas production the resulting biochar needs to cure in a compost concentration to become absorbent, beneficial and pH friendly for agricultural use. A drain line running down the length of compost fields will collect compost run off over the course of production. The run off will serve as a compost tea to soak biochar and prepare for integration into ready cured compost.
By offering biochar to our consumers , we add a premium commodity to our product line both as an amendment additive and integrating to stock product to upgrade compost quality,
Biochar production is contingent on how much brown feedstock the company will be able to accumulate, ensuring first enough feedstock for the year and any potential increased volume of green compost feed. It is possible to produce biochar using a gasification process, collecting the resulting gas, filtering it, and compressing into tanks. The gas can be used later as fuel for biogas production, or as already being practiced, work vehicles. Theoretically, wood gas production from biochar production would be enough to consider converting all company engines to run on biogas created from biochar, if there was an opportunity to do so.